Have you noticed those white and black spots on your face (especially on and around the nose region) that doesn’t seem to go even after washing face thoroughly? If you haven’t noticed yet, your beautician at the parlor might express her concern about your whiteheads and black heads.
Do you know what are they?
Why do they occur?
And what we can do to get rid of them?
Read on and find out…
What are black heads and white heads?
A black head is nothing but an overactive gland, clogged with dead skin cells, sebum and sometimes bacteria, that combines together to form a plug. When these clogged pores come in contact with light and air, oxidization takes place turning them black. Hence, they are known as black heads.
Whiteheads on the other hand are follicles, clogged with the same constituents as of blackheads. The difference is they do not turn black because of small opening to the skin surface. Since air doesn’t come in contact, oxidation does not take place thus retaining the white color.
What causes them?
- Hormonal changes during pregnancy, puberty and menstrual cycle cause excessive oil and tends to clog skin pores forming blackheads.
- People who use cosmetics frequently are more prone to breakouts as these products clogs pores and add oil to the skin.
- Excessive perspiration is another factor as excess sweat gets absorbed within the pores and follicles leading to breakouts.
How they can be prevented?
When it comes to avoiding those annoying breakouts, it is very important to follow good skin care regime. The best method is cleansing your face and neck with a mild soap or facial scrub to remove excess of sebum and dead skin cells. Another consideration is to avoid applying oil-based makeup that contributes in building up oil in the follicles.
How they can be treated?
- For those who can follow a parlor routine, go to a reputed parlor and get a cleanup done. Restrict it to one or two visits in a month.
- Avoid eating oily foods, instead stress on raw veggies and fruits while increasing your liquid intake.
- Lastly there are many creams, gels and masks available to remove embedded dirt, blackheads, oil and make-up that may clog our pores. Investigate properly by consulting your dermatologist and buy the best and effective one for your skin type.
Keep in mind that there are no overnight miracles available for the treatment of blackheads and whiteheads. However, with proper skin care and treatment, you can expect brighter and clearer complexion in few days.